The history of baseball – one of the most favored sports in the USA

The sport that reminds us more of our homeland than any other sport for Americans is baseball.

The origin of baseball

Baseball originated before the American Civil War (1861-1865), known as shaky, a casual game at the playground. The game’s first champions tweaked it to include both the types of skills and judgment that made cricket worship in England.

In 1871, the first professional baseball league was born. Until the early 20th century, most major cities in the Eastern United States had a professional baseball team. The teams are divided into two federations, the national federation and the American federation; In the regular season, one team only plays with other teams in its league.

The team that wins the most in each league is deemed to have won the “pennant”; The two teams that win the pennant meet after finishing the regular season in the World Championship. The team that wins in at least four matches (out of the seven possible matches) is the champion of that year.

Such organization still holds to this day, although the current federation is further divided. The flag-winning team is determined by the post-season decisive series between the winning teams of each minor league.

The development of baseball

Baseball reached its flourishing level in the 1920s, when Babe Ruth (1895-1948) led the “New York Americans” team to win several World Cup titles and become a national hero. race with the power of his “home run” strokes (the balls cannot be caught because they have been knocked off the field).

Over many decades, each team has its own talented players. One of the most notable was Jackie Robinson (1919-1972) of the Brooklyn Dodgers. This was a talented and courageous athlete who became the first African-American player to play in major leagues in 1947.

Starting in the 1950s, baseball expanded its geographical reach. Western cities already have teams, by inviting them to move in from cities in the East or by creating so-called expansion teams with players from reputable teams.

Until the 1970s, due to strict contracts, the owners of baseball teams were almost the owners of the players; Since then, the rules have changed so that players are free, with certain restrictions, to serve any team. The result is price wars and stars are paid millions of dollars each year.

Disputes between the union of players and owners have sometimes made baseball to take a break for months. If baseball was both a sport and a business, by the end of the 20th century, many disgruntled fans considered the business side to be the dominant side.